Despite growing public exposure and concern over child maltreatment and the existence of mandatory reporting laws, underreporting continues to be an issue for health care providers, including dentists.4,16 Dental professionals may be reluctant to report for many reasons, including lack of knowledge and training about their obligations, fear of being wrong, negative reactions by the caregivers, and concern about being drawn into an investigation and court proceeding. Dentists should make sure every member of the dental office team is trained and aware of the signs and symptoms of child maltreatment and committed to recognizing and reporting suspected abuse and neglect. continuing the care that starts in your chair. As a result, an estimated 674,000 children were substantiated victims of neglect, physical abuse, or sexual abuse in 2017. Do you want to continue logged in? What can Dental Professionals do to Reduce Child Maltreatment? You did not finish creating your certificate. Of these victims, approximately 75% were neglected, 18% were physically abused, and 9% were sexually abused with some overlap occurring.1. For the purposes of the DHHS Study, evaluators collected data on neglect, physical abuse, and sexual abuse from investigations in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The DHHS Study identifies four caregiver risk factors for the perpetration of child maltreatment: Alcohol abuse, drug abuse, financial insecurity, and domestic violence involving other members of the household.1 While the DHHS Study identified these four risk factors, it’s important to note that often times the caregiver abuse occurs as a result of being overwhelmed by the stresses of everyday life.
The fact that you are taking this course shows that you take your obligations seriously. Failure to complete ALL the steps will result in a loss of this test score, and you will not receive credit for this course. Increase exposure of dental students to the issue of child maltreatment in their undergraduate dental curricula. All states have some type of mandatory reporting statute, either applying to professionals only or applying universally to anyone who suspects child maltreatment, including professionals.
If financial or transportation obstacles exist, dentists should assist by providing information to parents about government-sponsored dental care facilities or dental clinics specifically established to provide care gratis or based on a sliding fee scale. The victimization rate for boys (48.6%) was approximately the same as for girls (51%). Head and orofacial injuries for which dentists should be alert include: Head Injuries 8-10. continuing the care that starts in your chair. Do not underestimate your role as a dental professional in the reduction and/or reoccurrence of child maltreatment. WARNING! What Presenting Problems Suggest Possible Child Maltreatment? Please click CONTINUE below to return to your previous page to complete the process. Your session is about to expire. In situations where a determination of dental neglect of a child has already been made by social services, dentists can offer to educate caregivers on the importance of good oral hygiene and routine dental care individually or by presenting this information to groups of caregivers through agencies providing parenting education. Child maltreatment as set out in the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974 includes the following: “Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or failure to act, which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.”2 Because states have different statutory definitions for physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional or psychological abuse, and neglect, it is important for practitioners to know their states’ specific statutes. What can Dental Professionals do to Reduce Child Maltreatment? What Presenting Problems Suggest Possible Child Maltreatment?
Physical abuse may result in numerous types of injuries including contusions, ecchymosis, abrasions, lacerations, fractures, burns, bites, hematomas, retinal hemorrhaging, and dental trauma. The incidence of child maltreatment in America has increased between 2013 and 2017 according to statistics kept by the United States Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, published in January of 2019 (hereinafter DHHS Study).1 In 2017, 3.5 million children were the subjects of a child maltreatment investigation or other response by social service agencies. Failure to complete ALL the steps will result in a loss of this test score, and you will not receive credit for this course.
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