Late 20th century. 213.

Copper red vase bound in metal. Many Chinese artefacts were designed for use by the general populace. The periods of the 20th century I am currently trying to differentiate between are so far: With 'lead warning' label. You just need to know how to … Tentative period 1950-75. A section which was then greatly extended by Ian & Mary Heriot of which a large amount of information still awaits publication. Figure with enamel decoration. Characters 5 and 6 (Nian Zhi) loosely translate as, “made for”. Date: Most likely around 1970. Qianlong Nian Zhi "Qianlong Period Make".

Mid to late 20th century, c. 1960 or later.

All marks will still be read from the right to the left. 1391. 127. Tentatively 1960-80s. To sort this subject up somehow, marks could be red or blue, handwritten or applied with a rubber stamp.

Click here for a close-up of the caligraphy. 1970s? 340.


Signature of the Artist: "...hand made by Lam Wai Tung". Jiang-Auspicious character meaning 'border', together with. As the restoration of the Yuanmingyuan had been halted for economic reasons, the vessels would have been delivered to the Forbidden City. Mark: Zhongguo Jingdezhen Zhi (China Jingdezhen made). This mark was used by Mr. Min Zheng Xing - (name) in his porcelain shop in Nanchang, Jiangxi province. Porcelain service with enamel decoration. Reign marks from the time of the Chenghua Emperor (1465 – 1487) were particularly popular during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor in the 17th and 18th Centuries. The blanks for the dinnerware came from Japan, while the blanks for the other objects usually came from China. Hans Slager, Belgium, William Turnbull, Canada and Tony Jalin Zhang, Beijing. Possibly an effort to copy a "Wang Bing Rong" mark. Shopping or window shopping on weekends became a popular life style in the city. Mark on blue and white spoon, possibly 1880-1930. Kangxi marks are by far the richest group compared to all other period marks. Copies and later marks: As a general rule, all four character Kangxi Nian Zhi marks written inside double circles or without circles are from the end of the 19th century or later.

Now this doesn't match with reality since in long runs of the same pattern there seems to be different characters appearing at random. This was a mark of respect to pay tribute to bygone emperors. In the best of worlds, pieces carrying the mark Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi should thus have been commissioned by the Chinese court to be used by them during the Qianlong period (1736-95) of the Qing dynasty. (The remaining company is likely to be "Wing On"). Possibly modern mark c. 1970 or/and later.

1439. Wu-Auspicious character meaning 'no', together with, 1441. This goes for the shape, the porcelain body itself, the glaze, the cobalt, foot rim, decoration and down to the individual brush strokes in marks and decoration and all this is combination. All material submitted by visitors and published anywhere on this site are and remain the copyrighted property of the submitter and appears here by permission of the owner, which can be revoked at any time. 180. Seal marks are in the style of a seal and not difficult to tell. Late 20th century (probably 1980s). The first mark listed here is from a mug dated to 1983 which confirms the timeframe as the last quarter of the 20th century.

Yu Sang Sing was most likely founded by "Yu Sang Sing". Judging from the number of extant porcelains with this mark it is most unlikely that all the vessels were commissioned by one single person, thus Xiezhu Zhuren was probably the name of a private kiln. 281. Late 20th century, post "Cultural Revolution". 146. 581. Mark: Zhongguo (China) Jingdezhen 'Made In China' =N=. In this mark the name for cooperative he zuo she is abbreviated to he zuo. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi "Great Qing Qianlong Period Make". Look for a "Made in China…


In 2004 and from then on my warm thank you goes to John Wocher and Howard Reed whose knowledge and interest has sparked a new life into this section and given reason for a new overhaul.


The character for factory chang is not yet simplified as it would be with the introduction of simplified characters in 1956. Nie Mu Hua Zao (Nie Mu Hua Made). The additional characters on the bowl are, horizontal from right : Hong Kong, Decorated in, on Japanese porcelain, Real MING marks that actually are of the period, plus a type chart, is available here, TYPE CHART QING DYNASTY PERIOD MARKS AVAILABLE HERE. For 18th-early 20th century factory marks; very often the factory was named after the founder. Mark: Zhongguo (China) Jingdezhen 'Made In China' =I=. This style of marking is known as zhuanshu script, whereas the more traditional character reign marks are called kaishu script. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi "Great Qing Qianlong Period Make". Whenever possible all marks have a link where an enlargement can be studied. Chinese "Bleu de Hue" porcelain, for the Vietnamese market. On the inside a sticker saying "Made in the Peoples Republic of China". Dish "B" Click here to see large picture. Reign marks should help to date and value a Chinese artefact. Mark: "AFC-Decorated in Hong Kong", Date: Fourth quarter of 20th century.

1243. In 1947 the Wa Lee Factory moved to Canton "near the end of the Yi De Road" and in 1949 moved on to Hong Kong. Mark: Zhongguo (China) Jingdezhen 'Made In China'. Mid 20th Century. A hasty, faded or poorly applied reign mark is an immediate red flag. Porcelain box with lid. Dish. Date: probably third quarter of the 20th century. Experts believe that this tradition began with Chinese artisans writing on long, thin strips of bone or bamboo. Probably 1950s. Reign marks were in common usage at the beginning of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) and continued throughout the subsequent Qing dynasty (1644-1911).

Modern "Rose Medallion" plate.

Picture: Tang Shan De Cheng Factory, c. 1930, Click here to see large picture The only time a Kangxi Imperial mark appeared without the circles was on the peach bloom wares and certain other scholar's table items and it is (almost) always 6 characters, written either in two horizontal lines or two vertical columns. Transformed style of seal mark, hard to make out the meaning but, could be "Hall of Hundred Tortoises".

Regardless of the script, reign marks are usually applied in one of two ways. Mark: 中國醴陵. Mark: Wa Lee Factory Made, (Decorated in Hong Kong, 1960). Reading from right to left the mark 有 閒 居 (監) 製) read. Interestingly enough the front page of the plate seems to be from 1900-1920 while the foot rim and the flowers scrolls on the back side of the dish gives it away as 1960s or later too. The handwritten mark is found on plate #1229 that I feel is of a style developed in Guangzhou (Canton) in the 1950s.

c. 1930, eggshell porcelain. 188. Factory still in operation. Some are satisfied by "Guyue Xuan" as a referral to a particular enamels decoration. Chinese Antique Valuations – Fakes & Forgeries, Sell Chinese Antiques – Chinese Antique Buyers. Modern ware from the 1960-70s or even later. Look at it this way, there are genuine antiques out there, but a genuine Imperial Chinese Porcelain pieces with a genuine Imperial mark will very rarely be found at a flea market for a few $.

Established in 1910, nationalized and its name changed to Jianguo Cichang in 1949. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi "Great Qing Qianlong Period Make". 1511. The Chinese marks section would not have been possibly without the dedicated help of Mr. Simon Ng, City University of Hong Kong whose translations and personal efforts in researching the origin and dates of the different marks is and has been an invaluable resource. The following marks are in zhuanshu (archaic seal script) which technically speaking is a drawing and not 'hand-writing'.

Earlier than that, porcelain did not have reign marks. Probably c. 1960-80. c. 1960-70. Tureen. 125.

For a first impression it is usually enough to look at the general design of the mark, if the strokes are absolutely symmetrical and if the mark as such is perfectly square and even, if the characters are of equal size, if the strokes are evenly and precisely drawn etc. Seal mark within single frame. Although reign marks were used into the 20th Century, there was a short period that they were forbidden to be used. Date: Modern, probably 1990s. 200. All expressed opinions are my personal or those of my trusted friends and fellow experts, based on photos and the owners submitted descriptions. Probably mid 20th century, mark looks "pre cultural revolution" in style. Within each page you can find further links to even more marks, where there are many similar marks grouped together. In addition to the monochrome wares and the blue and white porcelain the factory produced it also produced jihong, jiaohuang, wucia … 1460. See Glossary: 1277. Mark: Made in China, Date c. 1980-1990. Decorated in Hong Kong". Offered here is an attempt to identify some of the marks on mostly late, trade and export quality porcelain. 371. Hans Slager, Belgium, William Turnbull, Canada and Tony Jalin Zhang, Beijing. Four character marks with raised enamels signifies that the piece is made at the Imperial workshop in Beijing, which is more than rare and COULD be real, but just because of that, is also often used on modern souvenir porcelain vases. Mark on Chinese porcelain erotic cup.

Despite the bad reputation Chinese porcelain marks have earned themselves for their inherit lack of authenticity, Chinese porcelain marks remain one of the best means we have to identify the period during which a certain piece was made. Mark: Zhongguo (China) Jingdezhen 'Made In China' =31=. Tang (hall) Made.

In 1667, the Kangxi Emperor issued an edict that banned the use of reign marks that bore his name. Dish "A" Click here to see large picture. The latter mark is technically speaking a line drawing, and does not reflect any style of handwriting. When viewing pieces at auction, these marks will be listed as apocryphal. Reign marks are not limited to Chinese porcelain – they can be found on anything from jades to lacquerware, from bronzes to cloisonné enamels. Crackled glaze.

Factory # 1. All pieces with marks of this kind appears to date to the last quarter of the 20th century. 20⅞ in (53 cm) high. Originally common under Kangxi period but this stiff version is later, probably early 20th century. Marks incorporating western characters do not occur before the 1890's and almost all we see are after the 1950's. Thank you again and thank you to all I have not mentioned here, for all help and interest in and contributions to our knowledge of the 20th century Japanese porcelain. 434. 103. Mark probably from mid 20th century. Theoretically, any mark at the base of a piece of Chinese porcelain should be the reign title of the Emperor during which period the piece was made. Of the many later contributors I would especially want to mention Albert Becker, Somerset, UK, who were the first to help with some translations and comments on the Japanese marks. (The owners of the 2 factories are related). Could possible be a combination of several Chinese character with the meanings of produce (. 264. 159. 390. This will translate as Da Ming (constructed between 1368 and 1644) or Da Qing (constructed between 1644 and 1911).

1376. Both high and low was affected by the dramatic events that occurred, which makes the study of the output of the commercial workshop so interesting. Some reign marks can be made of up two or three horizontal lines of six or four characters. The most recent larger contribution was made by Lisa M. Surowiec, New Jersey, USA. This ties in with characters 3 and 4.

Late 19th century/early 20th century. Late 20th century. The traditional wisdom has it that between around 1890 until c. 1920 all Chinese items that were to be imported into the US was required to be marked with the word "CHINA" as the country of origin (U.S. Factory owner's dating: 1960.

1292. These six character marks follow the traditional way of drawing seal marks in archaic seal script. Some were marked and some not. Mark: UW.

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