Romanian entrepreneur Dragos Anastasiu, the founder of Eurolines group, was reelected president of the Romanian-German Chamber of Commerce (AHK Romania) after a … Under the constitution, Romania’s president is responsible for foreign affairs as well as approving the appointment of judges and top prosecutors. Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania, Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party, List of presidents of Romania by time in office, "Klaus Iohannis wins Romanian presidential election", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_presidents_of_Romania&oldid=981687289, Articles with dead external links from March 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 October 2020, at 20:56. Romanian Presidential Election 2019: First Round Results. He publicly condemned the former Communist regime of the country and tried to align Romania closer to the EU, America, and Serbia. In May, the PSD’s former chief and strongman Liviu Dragnea was jailed on corruption charges, and the party also saw its support plunge during European elections.   Social Democratic Party (PSD) Donald Tusk, president of the European People’s Party and former president of the European Council, also attended the event. Klaus Iohannis easily wins presidential runoff on pledge of restarting judicial reform. Letter from the Editor: Should news be free? Which Countries Were First To Elect Women Leaders? Romanian President Klaus Iohannis received key support from President Donald Trump during a White House visit as he seeks reelection in November against the ruling government’s candidate. Extraordinary concert at the Romanian Athenaeum marking the end of the Romanian Presidency of the EU Council Alexandru Stefan July 12, 2019 July 16, 2019 July 12, 2019 July 16, 2019 The president of Romania has many different duties that he or she must perform. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Romania’s centrist president, Klaus Iohannis, has easily won a runoff vote as expected, confirming the pro-European trajectory of the eastern EU member state. (P) King’s Oak British International School Open Day Come and discover what makes us unique! Corrections? Presidents of Romania Ion Iliescu. He has held many consultation sessions with parliamentary parties to discuss and try and come to political agreements on various issues. Romania has a semi-presidential system of government. Two Americans get stuck in Romania during the COVID-19 lockdown: We believe Romania is a hidden gem! Prince Nikolaus von Liechtenstein, president of the European Society Coudenhove-Kalergi, presented the award. His secret police maintained rigid controls over free speech and the media and tolerated no internal dissent or opposition. It's important for Romanians who want to come to the United States," he said during the Rose Garden press event. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Nicolae-Ceausescu, invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviet Union. Klaus Iohannis easily wins presidential runoff on pledge of restarting judicial reform, Sun 24 Nov 2019 18.05 EST Try the Work from Hotel alternative in Bucharest, (P) How executives organize remote work & in person meetings from their hotel rooms in Bucharest, (P) Virtual Economist event: “EUROPE’S LANDSCAPE IN THE SHADOW OF THE PANDEMIC ● Romania: Transformation - Recovery - Resilience” - October 22nd 2020, (P) Why Microstrategy and Square, two american companies, invested $475 millions into Bitcoin? The election was fought against a backdrop of deep resentment over controversial judicial reforms seen to benefit PSD politicians, which led to massive street protests and irked Brussels. What Were the Main Causes of World War II? The members of the European Society Coudenhove-Kalergi have decided to give the European Prize Coudenhove-Kalergi 2020 to Klaus Iohannis for “his outstanding merits as a politician, who, through his dedication to European values, contributes decisively to the deeper integration of Romania into the community of European states,” taking into account, at the same time, that “his political action has an exemplary function for a formerly divided Europe,” the Romanian Presidency said in a press release. Unfortunately, for Constantinescu, he only served one term as president of Romania as his time in office was mired in the slow implementation of the privatization and modernization of Romanian. Iohannis previously visited Trump at the White House in June 2017. Since 2004, following the modification of the structure, the president is directly elected by the people in a two-round system. Among his grandiose and impractical schemes was a plan to bulldoze thousands of Romania’s villages and move their residents into so-called agrotechnical centres. Officials were asked by a reporter on the call whether there would be a decision this week as to whether to accept Romania in the visa waiver program. While in prison, Ceaușescu became a protégé of his cell mate, the Communist leader Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, who would become the undisputed Communist leader of Romania beginning in 1952. Dragos Anastasiu, reelected as president of the Romanian-German Chamber of Commerce. Moving the company treasury money into Bitcoin is the new trend, (P) Steps to successfully implement and integrate technology in the classroom. Iohannis ran his campaign on a platform of relaxed fiscal policy, independence for the judiciary and anti-corruption. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Understanding The Relationship Between Hong Kong And China, Presidents Who Did The Most To Improve Black Rights. Following the introduction of the Constitution of Romania which instituted term limits for presidents, Iliescu won another election. Traian Băsescu was the first president to serve under the updated five-year constitution. Ceaușescu’s regime collapsed after he ordered his security forces to fire on antigovernment demonstrators in the city of Timișoara on December 17, 1989. A member of the Romanian Communist youth movement during the early 1930s, Ceaușescu was imprisoned in 1936 and again in 1940 for his Communist Party activities. Iohannis backed Brussels in the dispute. in 2004, alongside the National Liberal Party. The left-wing party, which was seen as the successor of the ruling elite before the overthrow of communism, had been accused of widespread corruption. Ion Iliescu was the acting head of state following the Romanian Revolution and in 1990 became the first democratically elected president of the country. Doctors monitored women of childbearing age to ensure that they were not taking steps to curtail their fertility, but maternal mortality rates skyrocketed as women sought unsafe and outlawed means to terminate their pregnancies. Former Romanian president Emil Constantinescu also received the European Prize Coudenhove-Kalergi in 1998. "I mentioned this issue, and I also mentioned it during other meetings I had, because this is important for us. All rights reserved. Hoping to boost Romania’s population, in 1966 Ceaușescu issued Decree 770, a measure that effectively outlawed contraception and abortion. The president may serve two five years terms and cannot be a member of a political party during time as president. Hundreds of thousands of Romanians have protested against the judicial reforms proposed by the PSD, seen as giving politicians a way to avoid corruption sentences. ", Romanian President Klaus Iohannis to the White House, Trump, Romanian president disagree on whether they discussed visa waiver program. Romania became the most Stalinist state in eastern Europe.…. With the death of Gheorghiu-Dej in March 1965, Ceaușescu succeeded to the leadership of Romania’s Communist Party as first secretary (general secretary from July 1965); and with his assumption of the presidency of the State Council (December 1967), he became head of state as well. © 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. The PSD government had engaged in a long battle with the European Union over allegations it was trying to push through the measures to neuter the judiciary. In 1939 he married Elena Petrescu, a Communist activist. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. There the Communist dictator Nicolae Ceauşescu had built a ferocious personal tyranny defended by ubiquitous and brutal security forces. His opponent, Social Democrats (PSD) leader and former prime minister, Viorica Dancila, received the remaining 37%, the worst-ever result for her party, which has dominated post-communist Romania. The list of laureates includes both European and international leaders. They held a, The visit is one in series of meetings between Trump and Central European leaders. 1 Emil Constantinescu was the candidate of the Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNȚCD) whose candidacy was supported as part of the larger right-leaning Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR) in both 1992 and 1996; the Democratic Liberal Party). Thirty-eight countries currently participate in the program, according to the. In the 1960s Ceaușescu virtually ended Romania’s active participation in the Warsaw Pact military alliance, and he condemned the invasion of Czechoslovakia by Warsaw Pact forces (1968) and the invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviet Union (1979).

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