Then, scientists form a hypothesis or an educated assuption of what they predict … This was a momentous century in which science moved from a state of knowledge that was in many ways little more advanced than third century BC Greece to a much more advanced, sophisticated position, paving the way for the industrial revolution in the 1700s, and many more famous scientists. • 1666 – Isaac Newton discovers that light is made up of all of the colors of the rainbow, which are refracted by different amounts in a glass prism. Static electricity can now be generated. • 1619 – Kepler publishes his third law of planetary motion relating the time taken for a planet to orbit the sun with its distance from the sun. European scientists were using the Roman system, which was little better. The sun was the center of the universe was Nicolaus Copernicus' idea. • 1669 – Hennig Brand becomes the first identifiable person to discover and isolate a new chemical element – phosphorus. • c1660 – Robert Hooke discovers that the extension of a spring or elastic material is directly proportional to the applied force. Isaac Newton developed calculus based on it. • 1645 – Blaise Pascal invents the adding machine. This invention was important because it measured air pressure. • 1656 – Christiaan Huygens discovers Saturn’s rings after building a new telescope – the world’s best. The philosophy of using an inductive approach to obtain knowledge—to abandon assumption and to attempt to observe with an open mind—was in contrast with the earlier, Aristotelian approach of deduction, by which analysis of known facts produced further understanding. The story of apple falling on Newton's head that inspired this law. Galileo proved light traveled faster than sound. • 1668 – John Wallis discovers the principle of conservation of momentum – one of the foundations of modern physics. • 1632 – Galileo Galilei finds that the laws of motion are the same in all inertial reference frames. • 1654 – Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat invent the mathematics of probability and statistics. Isaac Newton developed calculus based on it. The revolution that Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo began led to a new approach in scientific thinking that became known as the scientific method. • 1609 – Galileo Galilei observes Jupiter’s four largest moons, disproving church dogma that all movement in the universe is centered on Earth. Following the huge scientific advances of the 1600s, we have continued to take enormous strides in scientific knowledge, carrying us to where we are today. Article copyright remains as specified within the article. Galileo observed that these orbited a planet and not the earth. I have a few but not many. The Invention of Science: A New History of the Scientific Revolution. Mathematical rules for the correct use of zero were first written in 628 AD in Brahmagupta’s book Brahmasputha Siddhanta. Isaac Newton helps to create a branch of math that explains how movement works. 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Wilson | Sven Wingqvist | Sergei Winogradsky | Carl Woese | Friedrich Wöhler | Wilbur and Orville Wright | Wilhelm Wundt, Famous Scientists - Privacy - Contact - About - Content & Imagery © 2020, : Color change allows harm-free health check of living cells, : Shunned after he discovered that continents move, : The dog whisperer who rewrote our immune system’s rules, : In the 1600s found that space is a vacuum, : Aquatic ape theory: our species evolved in water, : Became the world’s most famous codebreaker, : We live at the bottom of a tremendously heavy sea of air, : The first mathematical model of the universe, : Revolutionized drug design with the Beta-blocker, : Discovered our planet’s solid inner core, : Shattered a fundamental belief of physicists, : Unveiled the spectacular microscopic world, : The cult of numbers and the need for proof, : Discovered 8 new chemical elements by thinking, : Record breaking inventor of over 40 vaccines, : Won – uniquely – both the chemistry & physics Nobel Prizes, : Founded the bizarre science of quantum mechanics, : Proved Earth’s climate is regulated by its orbit, : The giant of chemistry who was executed, : The greatest of female mathematicians, she unlocked a secret of the universe, : Pioneer of brain surgery; mapped the brain’s functions, : Major discoveries in chimpanzee behavior, : 6th century anticipation of Galileo and Newton, : Youthful curiosity brought the color purple to all, : Atomic theory BC and a universe of diverse inhabited worlds, : Discovered how our bodies make millions of different antibodies, : Discovered that stars are almost entirely hydrogen and helium.

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