In November 2013, the Kepler data lead astronomers to report there could be as many as 40 billion Earth-sized planets within the Milky Way Galaxy orbiting in the habitable zones of their stars. However it was controversial as Sputnik 2 and its passenger was not designed to be retrievable. The first ever space station was launched in 1971, the Russian Salyut 1, and was launched from an unmanned rocket. Gagarin became an international celebrity, and was awarded many medals and titles, including Hero of the Soviet Union, the nation's highest honour. Robert Goddard launches the world’s first liquid-fueled rocket at Auburn, Mass. 1958 – NASA officially begins operations on October 1 and the AERL becomes Lewis Research Center. One month later (November 3), Sputnik 2 is launched, carrying the dog Laika, the first animal in orbit. © 2020 The Fact Site | All Rights Reserved | Sitemap, The Fact Site requires you to enable Javascript to browse our website, 100 Interesting Space Facts That'll Blow Your Mind. July 17: Apollo-Soyuz Test Project: An Apollo craft and a Soyuz craft dock in space. Countdown to launch has begun ... please wait. 14 Amazing Facts About The Hubble Space Telescope. Jan 26, 1995: The Chinese-designed Long March 2E rocket carrying a telecommunications satellite explodes after blast-off from Xichang in southwest Sichuan province. This symbolized the hopes for space travel, for it to become a normal venture one day for everyone. The well known cradle of Soviet space flight, Korolyov, was named after him. Although the capsule suffered a partial loss of pressure during the 16 minute flight, Ham's space suit prevented him from suffering any harm, splashing down alive in the Atlantic. On 4th October 1957, Russia launched the first space satellite (or sputnik in Russian) named Sputnik 1. After her mission, she had a crater on the far side of the Moon is named after her. *October 14: Chuck Yeager pilots the Bell X-1, the first manned aircraft to reach supersonic speed. January 1967: Three U.S. astronauts, Virgil 'Gus' Grissom, Roger Chaffee and Edward White, die in a "flash fire" aboard Apollo 1 during a simulated launch at Cape Canaveral. May 20, 1997: A Russian Zenit-2 booster rocket carrying a Cosmos military satellite explodes 48 seconds after launch. Flights are halted to investigate the cause of the disaster, eventually traced to a faulty rocket booster seal. A 200-kg (440 lb) chunk falls into the courtyard of a private house. Enjoys writing about anything techy, nerdy or factually interesting. *April 9: Seven astronauts (the “Mercury 7”) are chosen by NASA from a field of 69. October 28, 1999: A Russian Proton rocket carrying a communications satellite crashes shortly after take-off from Baikonur. Ham's lever-pushing performance in space was only a fraction of a second slower than on Earth, demonstrating that tasks could be performed in space. The shuttle Discovery was launched to deploy the Hubble Space Telescope into Earth’s Orbit. The flies traveled with a supply of corn to eat on the flight. On 20th July 1969, the famous “one small step” was taken by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, and the first words were spoken “the Eagle has landed”. The Soviet Venera 7 sends back a temperature reading of 470°C at the surface, a far cry from the Earth-like conditions imagined in earlier 20th century fiction. The final major module of the ISS didn’t arrive until 2010. Here we have the top 5 realistic movies about space! First space station. In 1963 John F. Kennedy promised that by 1970 the US would have put men on the moon. Assembly begins in 1998 with the launch of the first American and Russian sections, and the station is continuously occupied from November 2, … See our Reopening FAQs and Hours & Locations for help planning your visit. Several orbiters and landers are planned to the Moon and Mars, including the Chinese Chang'e 3 lunar rover which would be the first landing on the moon since the Russian Luna 24 in 1976. March 16: NACA commissions Bell Aircraft to design and build a supersonic test aircraft. Three months later, cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov dies when his Soyuz 1 spacecraft crashes into the ground returning from space. Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov ventures out of the Voskhod 2 spacecraft to perform the first ever spacewalk. The US launched their Voyager 1 deep space probe. Thirteen X-15 flights fly over 50 miles high, enough that they qualify the pilots for astronaut wings from NASA. A major moment for commercial space travel started on 22nd May, SpaceX launched another Dragon C2+ powered by their Falcon 9 rocket to deliver a resupplying capsule to the ISS. Explorer 6 takes the first pictures of Earth from orbit. 4 October Sputnik 1becomes the first human-made object to orbit the Earth and triggers the frenetic ‘space race’ between the Soviet Union and the USA. *February 20: John Glenn successfully orbits Earth aboard Friendship 7. The launch surprised many, especially in the USA which increased spending on science and technology as the'Space Race' got underway. June 20, 1996: A Soyuz-U rocket carrying reconnaissance satellites explodes after lift-off at Plesetsk cosmodrome. May 3, 1986: A Delta rocket carrying a $57 million weather satellite explodes shortly after lift-off from Cape Canaveral. Harpoons designed to attach to the comet failed, and the lander bounced twice before landing successfully.

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