Space Cases: The Weirdest Legal Claims in Outer Space In January, a Quebec man named Sylvio Langvein walked into a courthouse in Canada and filed a suit declaring himself owner of the planets … Perhaps one of the most interesting stories is that of James Thomas Mangan, who in 1949 founded the Nation of Celestial Space in Evergreen Park, Illinois and laid claim to everything in space. Patients sometimes develop conditions that are so interesting or rare that doctors publish a report of their case. In more recent years, Curiosity the Mars rover has discovered traces of methane on the red planet. In most cases, licenses and permits must be issued from the FAA's Office of Commercial Space Transportation, which examines aspects such as launch site and launch/re-entry vehicles. Category 4 deals with the same aspects as 3, except instead of orbiters, this category pertains to landers that will reach the target’s surface. Images: 1) NASA/Wired Science. The site MoonCertificate.com doesn’t rely on any silly Earth governments for its right to the moon. For a long time, she was the poster girl for ridiculous lawsuits. The resulting mission was called Mars Semi-Direct. Here's a look at some of the oddest and strangest medical case reports. Nix v Hedden sought to categorize the tomato as a fruit rather than a vegetable for tax purposes. UNISPACE III (July 1999): Protecting the space environment, giving developing countries more access to space and protecting Earth's environment. Wired takes a look at some of the strangest and most spurious legal claims on outer space. [13] While scientists don’t know where it is coming from, reports have confirmed that methane levels tend to vary according to the time of year and can be harnessed for fuel for spacecraft. While the ultimate interpretation of these matters is up to lawyers, here are some of the major questions: Access to space. [27][28]  When it comes to living on Mars, the necessities of food supply and agriculture, oxygen, sunlight are unique. Nemitz sent NASA an invoice for a parking fee, charging a reasonable $20 per Earth century, due within 21 days of landing. Heinlein's Stranger in a Strange Land also makes reference to a space law case called the Larkin Decision. “Every now and then, someone thinks no one has claimed the moon before, and then rushes to claim it,” wrote Virgiliu Pop, a space law researcher at the Romanian Space Agency, in an email to Wired. Mr. Manganbelieved that the launch of Sputnik in 1957 was trespassing on his territory. "Chicago Man Stakes Claim to Outer Space (May 1949)", "Who Owns the Moon? Remember Stella Liebeck who was burned by a hot McDonald’s coffee and was awarded $2.9 million? Not limited to today’s courts, these cases can be found through the far reaches of history. On Nov. 22, 1980, Dennis Hope registered the moon. Since then he jokingly claimed the rest of the Moon in the name of his gaming character, Lord British. Maladies that rhyme should be given immediately priority in the ER. This is managed by the International Telecommunication Union. Without careful care, some experts worry that space access will become restricted by debris, but it is unclear what the legal ramifications are. Alexander the Great is said to have wept when told by his friend, the philosopher Anaxarchus, that there are countless worlds in the universe. Nemitz claimed the asteroid was under ownership of his company, Orbital Development, which aimed to mine the rocky body. [15] When returning samples, there is a risk of contamination of our own planet through foreign microbes or pathogens. Please refresh the page and try again. [29]  As one can see, communication is a very important factor to successfully inhabiting and experimenting on extraterrestrial real estate. | All Rights Reserved, http://www.duhaime.org/LawFun/LawArticle-1613/Quebec-Man-Claims-Solar-System-Loses-in-Court.aspx, https://www.wired.com/2012/06/space-cases/. No doubt, some of the strangest cases have come to the court have been to solve matters of space law. Solid rocket motors contribute further to ozone depletion and global warming compared to liquid propulsion motors because solids release chlorides that pollute the atmosphere. Astronauts currently have the food supply brought from Earth and in addition to romaine lettuce, tomatoes, and blueberries that can also be grown on the International Space Station, giving astronauts a fun activity to do while in space as well as the ability to access fresh food.[18]. Reaction Motors Division. A space ownership issue of current practical importance is the allocation of slots for satellites in geostationary orbit. However, space law remains a … Meet the zeptosecond, the shortest unit of time ever measured, Space is free for all nations to explore, and sovereign claims cannot be made. [13] With these two forms of propulsion working one after the other the Atlas-V can produce enough delta-V to escape Earth-Orbit, travel millions of miles across space, maneuver into trans-Mars injection and perform a landing on the red planet’s surface. These claims did not receive wider international support or recognition and were subsequently largely abandoned. Satellites positioned roughly 26,000 miles (41,800 kilometers) above the equator have the same rotation period as the Earth. Geosynchronous satellite slots. [47]   Although this 2024 mission will focus on sustainable living and creating new technologies on the Moon, this mission has the goal of being a jumping point for the first astronauts to land on Mars. (This was Langvein’s 45th lawsuit — including four motions to the Supreme Court of Canada — since 2001). “Every now and then, someone thinks no one has claimed the moon before, and then rushes to claim it,” wrote Virgiliu Pop, a space law researcher at the Romanian Space Agency, in an email to Wired. Though Mangan died in 1970, he passed control of Celestia to his son, James, and his daughter, Ruth. However, some lesser-known and truly weird court cases have also had lasting impacts on the lives of Americans. Lindsay died in June of 1969, just a month shy of the Apollo 11 landing. Over the years, Mangan needed to defend his nation’s sovereignty over space from several other contestants, including a student from Tennessee who registered the “southern half of outer space” and an inmate in Alcatraz who claimed his grandfather had been charged rent for sunlight by Austrian Emperor Franz Josef. [32] In contrast, a liquid propulsion system does not release any gases that pose direct harm to the environment since they use liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen (LOx). Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, [21]  By putting calcium perchlorate in the right setting of a warmer environment, astronauts can use its water for drinking, farming, cleaning, bathing, etc. Upon arrival, the vehicle would use its In Situ Propellant Production (ISPP) system to allow for refueling of the rocket, and harnessing gases like methane and ozone from Mars’ atmosphere. Space-faring nations have agreed to a variety of policies and treaties that concern activities in space exploration. - FF Ep96, No-Go Zone: Big-Tech Censor Hunter Biden’s Drug Binge & Trump’s Poll Watch ‘Army’, Happy Leif Erikson Day & White Baby Bad - FF Ep95, Australia's New World Order Covid Lockdown Madness, Krist the 30 Year Old Boomer - The War on Gamers & Progressive Woke Culture, Last Presidential Debate 2020, Trump vs Biden. A space ownership issue of current practical importance is the allocation of slots for satellites in geostationary orbit. The lower stage is 106.5 feet (32.46 meters) in length and 12.5 feet (3.81 meters) in diameter and will function to bring the launch vehicle into Low Earth-Orbit. [16] Target bodies may include Venus, Saturn, Uranus, the Moon, or other bodies with little chance of life. describes this committee as the "focal point", Vienna Declaration on Space and Human Development, Office of Commercial Space Transportation, half a million dead objects floating in Earth orbit, deliberately destroying a satellite in Earth orbit, piece of that debris damaged a Russian satellite, passed the U.S. Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act, this could violate the Outer Space Treaty, withdraw from the European-led ExoMars project, has an international treaty (and various other provisions), 5 ways families can enjoy astronomy during the pandemic, Artificial intelligence helps classify new craters on Mars.

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