<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 9 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> The process for making silk b. Archaeologists suggest that the Chinese were making silk cloth in the Longshan period, 3500 - 2000 BCE. The cloth takes dyes of many colors including bright hues. The cocoons of silkworms. 8) What invention allowed the Ancient Chinese to build huge ships well before the rest of the world? What invention did the Chinese keep secret from the rest of the world for hundreds of years? It was then only a few more centuries until the secrets had been revealed to Byzantium, and in another century, silk production began in France, Spain, and Italy. The silk farmer unwinds the thread, often in a single very long piece of about 300 to about 800 meters or yards, and winds it onto a spool. In spinning a cocoon to encase itself for its transformation, the silkworm exudes a thread from its mouth and winds this around its body. The process for making gunpowder c. The process for making paper d. The process for iron casting e. How the printing press worked 10. The process for making silk. What invention did the Chinese keep secret from the rest of the world for hundreds of years? What are two of the great feats of civil engineering accomplished by the engineers of Ancient China? <> A Chinese Empress and the Discovery of Silk-Making. This monopoly led to a lucrative trade in silk fabric. How were kites first used by the Ancient Chinese? %PDF-1.5 %���� Then her husband built on this discovery, and developed methods for domesticating the silkworm and producing silk thread from the filaments -- processes that the Chinese were able to keep secret from the rest of the world for more than 2,000 years, creating a monopoly on silk fabric production. The cloth is often woven with two or more threads twisted together for elasticity and strength. But another woman helped to break the silk monopoly. �,��aE�v�`)p�� �0+$�i�I��"�V�¢������J&0�_�]dr �9Ȝ$Bv�*1NmM!R��qI_�'],���Qb h���7�ͅn�E�B��E�SCpJQ|.ħ�54�q��6�oі-T�^NI�B��T���TmX����]I�~��bH�a�C�C�k�� b h3Aq�Q� ��S�m���PC�у�2q�u�����֯��~<�B� 7��]�An�o����֥u��|��� >y�5{Y�0�ݔ. Then her husband built on this discovery, and developed methods for domesticating the silkworm and producing silk thread from the filaments -- processes that the Chinese were able to keep secret from the rest of the world for more than 2,000 years, creating a monopoly on silk fabric production. 1 0 obj How were kites first used by the Ancient Chinese? What invention allowed the Ancient Chinese to build huge ships well before the rest of the world. 9. According to Chinese tradition, the part-legendary emperor, Huang Di (alternately Wu-di or Huang Ti) invented the methods of raising silkworms and spinning silk thread. What invention did the Chinese keep secret from the rest of the world for hundreds of years? What are considered the four great inventions of the Ancient Chinese civilization? The Silk Road is so named because it was the trading route from China to Rome, where silk cloth was one of the key trade items. Huang Di, the Yellow Emperor, is also credited as the founder of the Chinese nation, creator of humanity, founder of religious Taoism, creator of writing, and inventor of the compass and the pottery wheel -- all foundations of culture in ancient China. The process of boiling loosens the thread and kills the silkworm/moth. 4 0 obj She is a former faculty member of the Humanist Institute. What was the main use of the compass when it was first invented. What important ingredient was used by the Ancient Chinese to make silk? �Y��/�?< K2X�H��ݬ~�}�&�I{g��dd���6Hf5]��Op���kij�r��q5���5}�|�`H�cH&q��� ��ZumM%�µ�a,ƕ5��i{��y֨;��.�5s�a5I�@} One legend claims that Xilingshi was in her garden when she picked some cocoons from a mulberry tree and accidentally dropped one into her hot tea. 2 0 obj These caterpillars feed on mulberry leaves. Which of the following was a use for gunpowder? <>>> For her discovery of the silk-making process, the earlier empress is known as Xilingshi or Si Ling-chi, or Lady of the Silkworm, and is often identified as a goddess of silk-making. stream Jone Johnson Lewis is a women's history writer who has been involved with the women's movement since the late 1960s. endobj A Silk Sails C Waterproof E Lacquer Iron casting B Boat rudder D Compass 9) What invention did the Chinese keep secret from the rest of the world for hundreds of years? a. In another legend, told by Procopius, monks smuggled Chinese silkworms to the Roman Empire. This broke the Chinese monopoly on silk production. x��\ݏ�6���oglE�(J*��W/w�5m�Ї�d[�����:i�����>(�kЗ �k�g�3���P�����/޿z��E?��^�~�^���ea$X�!|�����m��Oϟ�>c�/�/����go�v|Ds�������P���+�ZdpC��gqG��"̔d2�!O���d��g��n���9K�P�\��0V�� �*�Qo�������#�8q�H��'�b��w$��0��s��h���Y�� �٫@Ͷ�� endobj This monopoly led to a lucrative trade in silk fabric. About 400 C.E., another Chinese princess, on her way to be married to a prince in India, is said to have smuggled some mulberry seeds and silkworm eggs in her headdress, allowing silk production in her new homeland. What important ingredient was used by the Ancient Chinese to make silk? <> About 2700-2640 B.C.E., the Chinese began making silk. Gunpowder, paper, printing and the campass. As a toy for young children b. She wanted, the legend says, to have silk fabric easily available in her new land. What did ancient Chinese chemists discover when trying to find the Elixir of Immortality? It is the larva, or caterpillar, stage of a fuzzy moth (Bombyx). Most are boiled. When she pulled it out, she found it unwound into one long filament. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Silkworms (Bombyx spp) - The History of Silk Making and Silkworms, Weaving - Ancient History to Modern Women, Important Inventions and Discoveries from Ancient China, Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World, Silk Production and Trade in Medieval Times, Khotan - Capital of an Oasis State on the Silk Road in China, The Spinning Wheel in History and Folklore, Medieval Methods for Making Fabric From Wool, M.Div., Meadville/Lombard Theological School.

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